A properly functioning Onsite Wastewater Treatment System, or Septic System, is the first step in protecting your property and neighbors from contamination of untreated human waste.
Proper treatment of wastewater plays an important role in protecting the health of humans, wildlife and aquatic life. Improper treatment, or untreated human waste can risk contamination of groundwater sources used for human consumption.
Untreated human waste, resulting from improperly serviced or failing septic systems, can rise to the ground's surface, creating hazardous conditions for humans and wildlife alike. This waste can also end up in nearby water sources, polluting the water for aquatic life and even potential drinking water. While drinking water is treated before entering your home, more and more contamination will lead to higher costs associated with filtering the water.
For homes supplied by Well Water, a properly functioning septic system is even more important. Failing systems can leak untreated human waste into the water supply. There are laws currently in effect that designate septic system placement in relation to wells, but systems installed by unlicensed professionals or aging systems may not be in compliance.
From the EPA:
Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems treat nearly 4 billion gallons of effluent per day from an estimated 26 million homes, businesses, and recreational facilities nationwide (U.S. Census Bureau, 1997).
Public health and environmental protection officials now acknowledge that onsite systems are not just temporary installations that will be replaced eventually by centralized sewage treatment services, but permanent approaches to treating wastewater forrelease and reuse in the environment. Onsite systems are recognized as potentially viable, low‐cost, long‐term, decentralized approaches to wastewater treatment if they are planned, designed, installed, operated, and maintained properly.
State agencies report that onsite septic systems currently constitute the third most common source of ground water contamination and that these systems have failed because of inappropriate siting or design or inadequate long‐term maintenance (USEPA, 1996).